CVE (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) is a standardized system for identifying and naming vulnerabilities in software and hardware. These vulnerabilities can range from minor issues to critical security flaws that can potentially be exploited by malicious actors.
The CVE system was established in the late 1990s by the MITRE Corporation, a not-for-profit organization that operates research and development centres sponsored by the U.S. federal government. The goal was to create a standardized method for identifying and referencing vulnerabilities across different platforms and organizations. Before CVE, there was a lack of a common language and structure to discuss vulnerabilities, making it challenging to share information effectively and mitigate risks.
Overall, CVE numbers play a crucial role in the cybersecurity ecosystem by providing a standardized approach to identify, track, and mitigate vulnerabilities, thereby enhancing the security posture of systems and reducing potential risks of exploitation.